Target RRB JE CBT 1-Vitamins Scientific Name,Sources And Deficiency Disease

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Target RRB JE CBT 1-Vitamins Scientific Name,Sources And Deficiency

In target RRB JE CBT 1 today we are providing Vitamins Scientific Name,Sources And Deficiency in general science ,Expected from these one question surely will come.

PDF for this have given at last aspirant can download it.

Vitamins

Vitamins are organic compounds, found in natural foods which are required for normal growth and maintenance of the body. Both humans and animals require vitamins for their growth.

Types of Vitamins

Vitamins are of two types

  • Fat-soluble – which are dissolved in fat-Fat Soluble Vitamins (A, D, E, K)
  • Water-soluble – which are dissolved in water-Water Soluble Vitamins (B and C)

 

Generic Name-Vitamin A

Scientific Name-Retinol, Retinal

Deficiency Disease-Night blindness, hyperkeratosis, and keratomalacia

Food sources-Liver, orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach, fish, soy milk, milk

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B1

Scientific Name-Thiamine 

Deficiency Disease-Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Food sources-Pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes,liver, eggs

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B2

Scientific Name- Riboflavin 

Deficiency Disease-Ariboflavinosis, glossitis, angular stomatitis

Food sources-Dairy products, bananas, popcorn, green beans, asparagus

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B3

Scientific Name-Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinamide riboside 

Deficiency Disease-Pellagra

Food sources-Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B5

Scientific Name-Pantothenic acid 

Deficiency Disease-Paresthesia

Food sources-Meat, broccoli, avocados

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B6

Scientific Name-Pyridoxine, Pyridoxamine, Pyridoxal

Deficiency Disease-Anemia, Peripheral neuropathy

Food sources-Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B7

Scientific Name-Biotin 

Deficiency Disease-Dermatitis, enteritis

Food sources-Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B9

Scientific Name-Folates, Folic acid 

Deficiency Disease-Megaloblastic anemia and deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects

Food sources-Leafy vegetables, pasta, bread, cereal, liver

 

Generic Name-Vitamin B12

Scientific Name-Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamin, Methylcobalamin, Adenosylcobalamin 

Deficiency Disease-Pernicious anemia

Food sources-Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk

 

Generic Name-Vitamin C

Scientific Name-Ascorbic acid 

Deficiency Disease-Scurvy

Food sources-Fruits and fruit juices (especially citrus), potatoes, broccoli, bell peppers, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes, Brussels sprouts, liver

 

Generic Name-Vitamin D

Scientific Name-Cholecalciferol (D3), Ergocalciferol (D2) 

Deficiency Disease-Rickets(Weak, soft bones and skeletal deformities) and osteomalacia

Food sources-Lichen, eggs, liver, certain fish species such as sardines, certain mushroom species such as shiitake

 

Generic Name-Vitamin E

Scientific Name-Tocopherols, Tocotrienols 

Deficiency Disease-Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants

Food sources-Many fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and seed oils,wheat germ, whole-grain and fortified cereals

 

Generic Name-Vitamin K

Scientific Name-Phylloquinone, Menaquinones

Deficiency Disease-Bleeding diathesis

Food sources-Leafy green vegetables such as spinach; egg yolks; liver

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