Preposition is a word that shows relation between noun or pronoun and the other words in sentence.
e.g. in, on, at, to, with, under, above, into, by, of etc
Preposition is always used before a
noun or pronoun and shows the relation of the noun or pronoun to the
other words in sentence. The following examples will help in better
Subject + Verb
|The cat was sleeping||on||table|
|He will come||in||January.|
|Wedding ceremony will be held||on||20th December.|
|I was waiting||for||you|
|Someone is knocking||at||The door.|
Prepositions show many relations (for different
nouns) in sentence. On the basis of relation they show, preposition may
be divided into following categories.
Preposition for time e.g. in, on, at, etc.
Preposition for place e.g. in, on, at, etc
Preposition for direction e.g. to, towards, into, through etc.
Preposition for agent e.g. by
Preposition for device, instrument or machines. e.g. on, by, with, etc.
Prepositions used after verbs to make prepositional verb. e.g. look at, look after, laugh at
The types of preposition are as follows:
1. Preposition for Time
2. Preposition for Place
3. Preposition for Direction
Preposition for Agent
5. Preposition for Instrument
6. Prepositional Phrase
Prepositions used for time of different natures are in, on at etc.
|In||1. Month or Year.
e.g. in January, in 1985
2. Particular time of day or month or year
e.g. in morning, in evening, in first week of January, in summer, in winter
3. Century or specific time in past etc
e.g. in 21st century, in stone age, in past, in future, in present
e.g. on Monday
e.g. on 5th of March, March 5
3. Particular day
e.g. on Independence Day, on my birthday,
|At||1. Time of clock
e.g. at 5 O’clock, at 7:30 PM
2. Short and precise time
e.g. at noon, at sunset, at lunch time, at bed time, at the moment, at the same time
He was born in 1945.
She will go to New York on 25th of March.
The concert will begin at 7 O’clock.
He gets up early in the morning.
We enjoyed a lot in the summer.
The president will deliver speech to public on Independence Day.
She received a lot gifts on her birthday.
Where were you at the lunchtime?
I will call you at 12 A.M
Prepositions “in, on or at” are usually used for different places.
|In|| Place having some boundary (physical or virtual boundary)
In a building
In a box
In a car
|On|| Surface of something.
On a table
On a page
On the wall
On the roof
On a map
|At|| Specific Place.
At the entrance
At the bottom of glass
At front of the chair
At bus stop
At the edge of roof
She lives in New York.
Students study in library.
The wedding ceremony will be held in the hall.
There are some books on the table.
The teacher wrote a sentence on blackboard.
He was flying kite on the roof.
Her parents were waiting for her at the entrance of school
There was a huge gathering at bus stop.
His house is at the end of street.
(to, toward, through, into)
Prepositions like to, towards, through, into are
used to describe the direction. Following examples will help in better
She went to the library.
He jumped into the river.
He ran away when he felt that someone was coming toward him.
Preposition for agent is used for a thing which is cause of another thing in the sentence. Such prepositions are by, with etc. Following examples will help in better understanding.
This book is written by Shakespeare.
The work was completed by him.
The room was decorated by her.
The tub is filled with water.
Different preposition are used by different devices, instruments or machines. e.g. by, with, on etc. Following examples will help in better understanding.
She comes by bus daily.
He opened the lock with key.
A prepositional phrase is a combination of a verb and a preposition. It is just a verb followed by a preposition.
Prepositional Phrase = Verb + Preposition
Some verbs need particular prepositions to be used
after them in sentences having a direct object. Such a verb with its
required preposition is called a prepositional phrase.
He knocks at the door.
In above sentence “knock at” is prepositional phrase
which contains a verb “knock” and a preposition “at”. Without the use
of correct preposition after a prepositional verb in a sentence, the
sentence is considered to be grammatically wrong. For example if we
say, “he knocks the door”, it is wrong because it lacks the required
preposition “at”. So the correct sentence is “he knocks at the door”.
Prepositional Verbs are transitive and they have a
direct object in sentence. Some of the frequently used preposition verb
are, laugh at, knock at, listen to, look at, look for, look after, wait for, agree to, agree with, talk about, talked to
She is listening to music.
She looked at the blackboard.
We believe in God.
They were waiting for the teacher.
Do you agree with me?
Do you agree to my proposal?
Someone is knocking at the door.
You should not rely on her.