SPORT GENERAL KNOWLEDGE PDF FOR UPCOMING DMRC/NMRC/CIL/SSC/UPSC/RRB/IBPS/SBI EXAM

I.                  
National Sports:

A national
sport or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an
intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto national sports, as baseball is in the U.S., while others
are  de
jure
as lacrosse and ice hockey are in
Canada.

1.   De jure national sports

Argentina
Pato
Bahamas
Sloop sailing
Bangladesh
(“national game”)
Kabaddi
Brazil
Capoeira
Canada
Lacrosse (summer), Ice hockey
(winter)
Chile
Chilean rodeo
Colombia
Tejo
Iran
Varzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling
Mexico
Charrería
Philippines
Arnis
Puerto Rico (“autochthonous sport”)
Paso Fino
Sri Lanka
Volleyball
2.  
De facto
national sports
Country
Sport
Afghanistan
Buzkashi
Anguilla
Yacht racing
Australia
Australian Football
Barbados
Cricket
Bermuda
Cricket
Bhutan
Archery
Cuba
Baseball
Dominican
Republic
Baseball
Finland
Pesäpallo
Grenada
Cricket
Guyana
Cricket
India
Field hockey
Israel
Association Football
Ireland
Gaelic games
Jamaica
Cricket
Japan
Sumo
Madagascar
Rugby union
New Zealand
Rugby union
Norway
Cross-country skiing
Papua New
Guinea
Rugby league
Peru
Paleta Frontón
Russia
Bandy
Scotland
Golf
Slovenia
Alpine skiing
Turkey
Wrestling & Cirit
United States
Baseball
Wales
Rugby union


II.               
Sports Terms:
Atheletics–Relay, Photofinish, Track, Lane, Hurdles, Shotput,
Discuss Throw, Hammar Throw, Triple Jump, High Jump, Cross Country, etc.
Badminton–Shuttle cock, Service court, Fore hand, Back Hand, Smash,
Hit, Drop, Net, Love, Double fault, etc.
Baseball–Pinching, Home run, Base
runner, Throw, Perfect game, Strike, Put out, etc.
Basketball–Free throw, Technical foul,
Common foul, Under head, Over head, etc.
Bridge–Master point, Perfect deals,
Gland slam, Dummy, Trump, etc.
Billiards & Snooker–Pull, Cue, Hit,
Object ball, Break shot, Scoring, Cushion billiards, etc. Boxing–Knock. out, Round, Ring Stoppage, Punch, Upper-cut, Kidney
punch, Timing, Foot work, etc. Chess–E.
L. O. rating, international master, Grand master, Gambit, Kings Indian Defence,
etc.
Cycling–Sprint,
Time trial, Point race, Trackrace, etc.
Cricket–Toss, Run, Wicket, Pitch,
Stump, Bails, Crease, Pavalion, Gloves, Wicket Keeper, Over, Maiden over,
Followon, Rubber, Ashes, Catch, Bowled, Stump out, Run out, L. B. W; Hit
Wicket, Not out, No ball, Wide ball, Dead ball, Over Throw, Bye, Leg by, Cover
drive, Late cut, Hook, Glance, Stroke, Spot, Pull, Sixer, Followthrough, Turn,
Googley, Spin, Yorker, Bouncer, Hat trick, Round the wicket, Over the wicket,
Seamer, Boundry line, Slip,Square leg, Runner. Cover, Gully, Long on, Silly
point, Midwicket, Mid on, Forward short leg, Deep/mid-wicket, etc.
Horseriding–Three day Event, Show
jumping, Presses, Faults, etc.
Football–Goal, Kick, Head, Penalty kick, Dribble, Off side, Hat
trick, Foul, Left out, Right out, Stopper, Defender, Move, Sideback, Pass,
Baseline, Rebound, Comer bick, etc.
Gymnastics–Parellel bar, Horizontal
bar, Floor exercise, Uneven bar, Push up, Sit up. etc.
Judo–Cocoa, Blue, white, Green belt,
etc.
Hockey–Bully  Sudden 
death,  Short  corner, 
Hat  trick,  Goal, 
Penalty  Corner,   Penalty  
stroke, Pushin, Cut, Dribble, Scoop, Centre forward, Half back, Astroturf,
Left in, Left out, Off-side, Tie breaker, Carried, Stick, Striking circle,
Under cutting, etc.
Swimming–Freestyle, Breast stroke, Back
stroke, Butterfly, Lane, Pool, Crawl, etc.
Polo–Polo-Bunker, Chukker, Mallet, etc.
Tennis–Service, Grandslam, Advantage, Deuce, Game Point,
Breakpoint; Smash, Shot, Grass Court. Break, Drop shot, Netplay, Baseline, etc.
Shooting–Rapidfire Pistol, Standard
rifle, Air rifle, Free pistol, Range, Bull’s eye, etc.
Table Tennis–Volley, Late service, Half
volley, Back hand, Drive spin, Chop, etc.
Weight Lifting–Snatch, Jerk, etc.
Volleyball–Deuce, Spikers, Booster,
Smash, Sidearm, Panetration, etc.
Wrestling–Free style, Hal Nelson,
Point, Heave, etc.


III.            
Standard Measurements In Sports :


Basketball
(National
Collegiate A.A. Men’s Rules)
Playing court
College: 94 feet long by 50 feet wide (ideal
dimensions). High School: 84 feet long by 50 feet wide (ideal dimensions).
Baskets
Rings 18 inches in inside
diameter, with white cord 12-mesh nets, 15 to 18 inches in length. Each ring
is made of metal, is not more than 5/8 of an inch in diameter, and is bright
orange in color.
Height of
basket
10 feet (upper edge).
Weight of
ball
Not less than 20 ounces nor more than 22.
Circumference
of ball
Not greater than 30 inches and not less than
29 1/2.
Free-throw
line
15 feet from the face of the backboard, 2
inches wide.
Three-point field goal line
19 feet, 9 inches from the center of the
basket. In the National Basketball Association, the distance is 22 feet.
Soccer
Playing field
Minimum 100 yards long by
50 yards wide; maximum: 130 yards long by 100 yards wide. International
matches: Minimum 110 yards long by 70 yards wide; Maximum: 120 yards long by
80 yards wide. Longer boundary lines are called touchlines or sidelines, and
shorter boundary lines are called goal lines.
Goal area
Two lines drawn at right
angles to a goal line, 6 yards from the inside of each goalpost. Lines extend
into playing field for 6 yards, and are joined by a line drawn parallel with
the goal line.
Goals
Distance between posts is 8
yards. Distance from crossbar to the ground is 8 feet. Width and depth of
bars not to exceed 5 inches.
Weight of
ball
Not more than 16 ounces nor
less than 14.
Circumference of ball    Not greater than 28 inches
nor less than 27.
Penalty area
Two lines drawn at right
angles to the goal line, 18 yards from the inside of each goalpost. Lines
extend into playing field for 18 yards and are joined by a line drawn
parallel with the goal line.
Center circle
Radius of 10 yards. Center
at midpoint of halfway line.
Flagposts
Not less than 5 feet high,
and not less than 1 yard outside the touchline.
Corner arc
Quarter circle with a
radius of 1 yard from each corner flagpost drawn inside playing field.



Boxing
Ring
Professional matches take
place in an area not less than 18 nor more than 24 feet square including
apron. It is enclosed by four covered ropes, each  not less than one inch in diameter. The
floor has a 2-inch padding of  Ensolite
(or equivalent) underneath ring cover that extends at least 6 inches beyond
the roped area in the case of elevated rings. For USA Boxing or Olympic-style
boxing, not less than 16 nor more than 20 feet square within the ropes. The
floor must extend beyond the ring ropes not less than 2 feet. The ring posts
shall be connected to the four ring ropes with the extension not shorter than
18 inches and must be properly padded.
Gloves
In professional fights, not
less than 8-ounce gloves generally are used. USA Boxing, 10 ounces for boxers
106 pounds through 156 pounds; 12-ounce for boxers 165 pounds through 201+
pounds; for international competition, 8 ounces for lighter classes, 10 ounces
for heavier divisions.
Headguards
Mandatory in Olympic-style boxing.
Football
Length of
field
120 yards (including 10 yards of end zone at
each end).
Width of
field
53
1/3 yards (160 feet).
Height of
goal posts
At
least 30 feet.
Height of
crossbar
10
feet.
Width of
goal posts (above crossbar)
18
feet 6 inches, inside to inside.
Length of
ball
10
7/8 to 11 7/16 inches (long axis).
Circumference
of ball
20
3/4 to 21 1/4 inches (middle); 27
3/4
to
28
1/2
inches
(long
axis).
Golf
Specifications of ball
Broadened to require that
the ball be designed to perform as if it were spherically symmetrical. The
weight of the ball shall not be greater than 1.620 ounces avoirdupois, and
the size shall not be less than 1.680 inches in diameter.
Velocity of ball
Not greater than 250 feet
per second when tested on USGA apparatus, with 2 percent tolerance.
Hole
4 1/4 inches in diameter
and at least 4 inches deep.
Clubs
14 is the maximum number
permitted.
Overall distance standard
A brand of ball shall not exceed a distance of 280
yards plus 6% when tested on USGA apparatus under specified conditions, on an
outdoor range at USGA Headquarters.


Hockey
Size of rink
200 feet long by 85 feet
wide surrounded by a wooden wall not less than 40 inches and not more than 48
inches above level of ice.
Size of goal
6 feet wide by 4 feet in
height.
Puck
1 inch thick and 3 inches
in diameter, made of vulcanized rubber; weight 5 1/2 to 6 ounces.
Length of stick
Not more than 60 inches
from heel to end of shaft nor more than 12 1/2 inches from heel to end of
blade. Blade should not be more than 3 inches in width but not less than 2
inches—except goal keeper’s stick, which shall not exceed 3 1/2 inches in
width except at the heel, where it must not exceed 4 1/2 inches, nor shall
the goalkeeper’s stick exceed 15 1/2 inches from the heel to the end of the
blade.
Tennis
Size of court
120 feet long by 60 feet
wide, with rectangle marked off at 78 feet long by 27 feet wide (singles) and
78 feet long by 36 feet wide (doubles).
Height of net
3 feet in center, gradually
rising to reach 3-foot 6-inch posts at a point 3 feet outside each side of
court.
Ball
Shall be more than 2 1/2
inches and less than 2 5/8 inches in diameter and weigh more than 2 ounces
and less than 2 1/6 ounces.
Service line
21 feet from net.
IV.              
Cups &
Trophies Associated With Sports:


International
·        
American Cup  : Yacht Racing
·        
Ashes : Cricket
·        
Benson and Hedges : Cricket
·        
Canada Cup : Golf
·        
Colombo Cup : Football
·        
Corbitton Cup : Table Tennis (Women)
·        
Davis Cup : Lawn Tennis
·        
Derby : Horse Race
·        
Grand National : Horse Streple Chase Race
·        
Jules Rimet Trophy : World Soccer Cup
·        
King’s Cup : Air Races
·        
Merdeka Cup : Football
·        
Rydet Cup : Golf
·        
Swaythling Cup : Table Tennis (Men)
·        
Thomas Cup : Badminton
·        
U. Thant Cup : Tennis


·        
Uber Cup : Badminton (Women)
·        
Walker Cup : Golf

·        
Westchester Cup : Polo

·        
Wightman Cup : Lawn Tennis
·        
World Cup : Cricket
·        
World Cup : Hockey
·        
Reliance Cup : Cricket
·        
Rothman’s Trophy : Cricket
·        
William’s Cup : Basketball
·        
European Champions Cup : Football

·        
Eisenhower Cup : Golf

·        
Essande Champions Cup : Hockey
·        
Rene Frank Trophy : Hockey
·        
Grand Prix : Table Tennis
·        
Edgbaston Cup : Lawn Tennis
·        
Grand Prix : Lawn Tennis
·        
World Cup : Weight-lifting


National


·        
Agarwal Cup : Badminton

·        
Agha Khan Cup : Hockey

·        
All-India Women’s Guru Nanak Championship : Hockey

·        
Bandodkar Trophy : Football

·        
Bangalore Blues Challenge Cup :

Basketball

·        
Barna-Bellack Cup : Table Tennis

·        
Beighton Cup : Hockey

·        
Bombay Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Burdwan Trophy : Weight-lifting

·        
Kuppuswamy Naidu Trophy :

Hockey

·        
Lady Rattan Tata Trophy : Hockey

·        
MCC Trophy : Hockey

·        
Moinuddaula Gold Cup : Cricket

·        
Murugappa Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Modi Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Narang Cup : Badminton

·        
Nehru Trophy : Hockey

·        
Nixan Gold Cup : Football

·        
Obaid Ullah Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Charminar Trophy : Athletics

·        
Chadha Cup : Badminton

·        
C. K. Naydu Trophy : Cricket

·        
Chakoia Gold Trophy : Football

·        
Divan Cup : Badminton

·        
Deodhar Trophy : Cricket

·        
Duleep Trophy : Cricket

·        
D. C. M. Cup : Football

·        
Durand Cup : Football

·        
Dhyan Chand Trophy : Hockey

·        
Dr. B. C. Roy Trophy : Football (Junior)

·        
Ezra Cup : Polo

·        
F. A. Cup : Football

·        
G. D. Birla Trophy : Cricket

·        
Ghulam Ahmed Trophy : Cricket

·        
Gurmeet Trophy : Hockey

·        
Gura Nanak Cup : Hockey

·        
Gyanuati Devi Trophy : Hockey

·        
Holkar Trophy : Bridge

·        
lrani Trophy : Cricket

·        
I. F. A. Shield : Football

·        
lndira Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Jawaharlal Challenge : Air Racing

·        
Jaswant Singh Trophy : Best Services Sportsman

·        
Prithi Singh Cup : Polo

·        
Rani Jhansi Trophy : Cricket

·        
Ranjit Trophy : Cricket

·        
Rangaswami Cup : Hockey

·        
Ranjit Singh Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Rajendra Prasad Cup : Tennis

·        
Ramanujan Trophy : Table Tennis

·        
Rene Frank Trophy : Hockey

·        
Radha Mohan Cup : Polo

·        
Raghbir Singh Memorial : Football

·        
Rohinton Baria Trophy : Cricket

·        
Rovers Cup : Football

·        
Sanjay Gold Cup : Football

·        
Santosh Trophy : Football

·        
Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee : Football

·        
Subroto Cup : Football

·        
Scindia Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Sahni Trophy : Hockey

·        
Sheesh Mahal Trophy : Cricket

·        
Todd Memorial Trophy : Football

·        
Tommy Eman Gold Cup : Hockey

·        
Vittal Trophy : Football

·        
Vizzy Trophy : Cricket

·        
Vijay Merchant Trophy : Cricket

·        
Wellington Trophy : Rowing

·        
Wills Trophy : Cricket


V.                 
Famous Stadiums,
Venues & Related Sports:

Stadium
Venue
Sports
National
Stadium
Mumbai
Hockey
& others
Brabourne
Stadium
Mumbai
Cricket
Indraprastha
Stadium
Delhi
Indoor
games
Jawaharlal
Nehru Stadium
Delhi
Athletics
Firoz Shah
Kotla
Delhi
Cricket
Ambedkar
Stadium
Delhi
Football
National
Stadium
Delhi
Hockey
& others
Talkatora
Stadium
Delhi
Swimming
Eden Garden
Kolkata
Cricket
Ranjit
Stadium
Kolkata
Football
Green Park
Kanpur
Cricket
Keenan
Stadium
Jamshedpur
Cricket
Chepauk
Stadium
Chennai
Cricket
Epsom
Britain
Derby
Black heath
London
Rugby
Football
Headingly,
Manchester,
Britain
Cricket
Lords, Ovel,
Leeds
Britain
Cricket
Wimbledon
Britain
Lawn
Tennis
Roland Garros
France
Lawn
Tennis
Flushing
Meadow
U.S
Lawn
Tennis
Brookland
Britain
Football
Timbukhum
Britain
Rugby
Wembley
Britain
Football


VI.              
Places
Associated With Sports:

Sport
Associated
Places
Baseball
Brooklyn (USA)
Boxing
1.    Madison Square Garden (USA)
2.    Yankee Stadium, New Delhi
Cricket
1.    Aden Park (Aukland)
2.    Brabourne Stadium (Mumbai)
3.    Chepauk Ground (Chennai)
4.    Eden Gardens (Kolkata)
5.    Ferozeshah Kotla Ground (Delhi)
6.    Green Park (Kanpur)
7.    Leeds (London, England)
8.    Lord’s (London, England)
9.    Nehru Stadiums (Chennai and
New Delhi)
10.  Melbourne (Australia)
11.  Old Trafford (Manchester, England)
12.  Oval (London, England)
13.  Wankhede Stadium (Mumbai)
Football
1.    Brookland (England)
2.    Wembley (London)
3.    Blackheath (London)
4.    Twickenham (London)
5.    Corporation Stadium (Kolkata)
6.    Ambedkar Stadium (New Delhi)
7.    Nehru Stadium (New Delhi)
8.    Yuba Bharati Stadium (Kolkata)
Golf
Sanday Lodge (Scotland)
Greyhound
Race
White City (England)
Hockey
1.    Dhayn Chand Stadium (Lucknow)
2.    Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium (Hyderabad)
3.    Merdeka Stadium (Kuala Lumpur)
4.    National Stadium (Delhi)
5.    Nehru Stadium (Delhi)
6.    Sawai Man Singh Stadium (Jaipur)
7.    Shivaji Stadium (New Delhi)
Horse Racing
1.    Aintree (England)—Grand
National Race
2.    Doncaster (England)—Derby Race
3.    Epsom (England)—Derby Race
Pole
Hurlingham (England)
Shooting
Bisley (England)
Sking
Florence (Chadwick)
Snooker
Blackpool (England)
Swimming and
Rowing
1.    Cape Gris Nez
(Cross-channel swimming)
2.    Putney-Mort-Lake (England)
Tennis
1.    Wimbledon (England)
2.    Forest Hill (US)



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Current Affairs (करेंट अफेयर्स) -February 2017

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