GK-India: At a Glance

About India-
India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by
area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the

India got its independence on August 15th, 1947. It was the day when the Indians got liberated from the rule of the British.

Map of India

India: At a Glance
Capital New Delhi
Area 32,87,263 sq.km
Area wise in the world 7th
Location India extends between latitudes 8o4’N and 37o6’N. It is a country of the east with its landmass lying beteen longitudes 68o7’E and 97o25’E.
Stretch 3,214 Kilometers from north to south
2,933 Kilometers from east to west
Land Frontier 15,200 km
Coastline 7516.5 km
Neighbouring Countries India shares its political
borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west and Bangladesh and
Myanmar on the east. The northern boundary is made up of the Sinkiang
province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. India is seperated from Sri
Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of
Physical Feature The mainland consists of four
well-defined regions: (i)The great mountain zone, (ii)The Indo-Gangetic
plain, (iii)The desert region and (iv)The Southern Peninsula
Rivers The main rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Climate There are four seasons which are recognised by
the India Meteorological department. They are – Cold weather, hot
weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west
Fauna Approx. 89,451 species
National Parks 94
Wildlife Sanctuaries 501
Official Languages Hindi
Population (2001 census) 1,203,710,000(March 2011)(17% of the world’s population)
Populationwise place in the world 2nd
Population density 324 person per square kilometer
Population growth 21.34 %
Sex Ratio 933 females per 1000 males
Literacy 65.38 %
Male Literacy 75.85 %
Female Literacy 54.16 %

Important facts about India 

Location India World Map
Area 3.3 Million sq. km
Telephone Code +91
Coastline 7516.6 km encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
High Point Kanchenjunga 8,598 m.
National Things
National Flag India FlagThe
National Flag is the horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at
the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal
proportion. At the center of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which
is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath.
National Emblem Emblem of IndiaThe
National Emblem of India is derived from the time of the Emperor
Ashoka. The emblem is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in
Uttar Pradesh. The Lion Capital was erected in the third century BC by
Emperor Ashoka to mark the spot where Buddha first proclaimed his gospel
of peace and emancipation to the four quarters of the universe.
National Anthem Rabindranath TagoreThe
Jana Gana Mana is the national Anthem of India, composed by
Rabindranath Tagore. It was officially adopted by the constituent
Aseembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24, 1950.
National Song Bankim Chandra ChatterjiBankim Chandra Chatterji’s composed song “Vande Mataram” was adopted as the National Song. It has an equal status with “Jana Gana Mana“. It was first sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
National Animal National Animal
Tiger is the National Animal of India. It is symbol of India’s wildlife
wealth. The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris, is a striped animal.
National Bird National Bird The Peacock, Pavo cristatus, is the national bird of India. Emblematic of qualities such as beauty grace, pride.
National Fruit National Fruit
Mango is the national fruit of India. Described as the “Food of the
Gods”, in the sacred Vedas, the fruit is grown almost in all parts of
National Flower National FlowerLotus botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera is the national flower of India.
National Tree National TreeBanyan
Tree is the National Tree of India. This huge tree towers over its
neighbours and has the widest reaching roots of all known trees.
National Calender National Calender The Saka calender is the national calender of India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calender.
National Days. 26th January (Republic Day)
15th August (Independence Day)
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhis Birthday)
Country Name Republic of India; Bharat Ganrajya
Government Type Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government
Capital New Delhi
Official Language Hindi, English
Administrative Division 29 States and 7 Union Territories.
Independence 15th August 1947 (From the British Colonial Rule)
Constitution The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950.
Legislature Sansad
Legal System The Constitution of India is the fountain source of the legal system in the Country.
Executive Branch The President of India is the Head of the State, while Prime
Minister is the Head of the Government, and runs office with the support
of Council of Ministers who form the Cabinet Ministry.
Legislative Branch The Indian Legislature comprises of the Lok Sabha (House of the
people) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) forming both the Houses
of the Parliament.
Judicial Branch The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system, followed by other High Courts and subordinate Courts.

Constitution of India and Polity-BORROWED FEATURES OF CONSTITUTION

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