Geography-Important Sea Ports of India

Following
are the major Ports in India.
Western Coast
Eastern Coast
Kandla (child of partition)
Kolkata-Haldia (riverine port)
Mumbai (busiest and biggest)
Paradip (exports raw iron to Japan)
Jawahar Lal Nehru (fastest growing)
Vishakjapatnam (deepest port)
Marmugao (naval base also)
Chennai (oldest and artifical)
Mangalore (exports Kudremukh iron-ore)
Ennore (most modern-in private hands)
Cochin (natural Harbour)
Tuticorin (southernmost )
The nine coastal
Indian states Gujarat,
Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa
and  West Bengal
are home to all major
and minor ports of India. There are total 13
major sea ports of India, out of 12 are government and one, Ennore port of
Chennai is the corporate one
. Ennore Port is
one of the major port of India located at Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu state
along with private Krishnapatnam Port.
1. Kandla Port- Gujarat: Gujarat host the major seaport of
west coast, The Kandla Port is situated on the Gulf of Kutch near the
Gandhidham city in Kutch District of Gujarat. The Port of Kandla is the first
special economic zone in India as well as in Asia, Kandla Port is hub for major
imports like petroleum, chemicals and iron also export grains,salt and
textiles. Port of Kandla is one of the
highest earning ports of India, another port in
Gujarat is Mundra Port,India’s largest private port.
2. Nhava Sheva- Maharashtra: Nhava Sheva now known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest
container port in India, situated at the mainland of Konkan area across the
Navi Mumbai Maharashtra. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the king port of Arabian Sea
at west cost and handle a large volume of international container traffic and
domestic cargo traffic. The major exports are textiles,carpets,boneless meat
and main imports are machinery,vegetable oils and chemicals.
3. Mumbai Port: The Mumbai Port is located in the mainland of west Mumbai on
the West 
coast of India with natural deep-water harbor. Mumbai Port is the
largest port in India and handles bulk cargo traffic with its four jetties for
handling Liquid chemicals, Crude and petroleum products. International
container traffic of Mumbai Port is directed to the new and big Nhava Sheva
port.
4. Marmagao port- Goa: The main port of Goa,Marmagao port is a best natural harbors
of India located in South Goa. Marmagao port is one of the leading iron ores
exporter port in India and raw materials too.The port of Marmagao is one of the
major attraction of Goa along with the beautiful city of Vasco da Gama and
international airport Dabolim. The natural harbor of Goa is one of India’s
earliest modern ports.
5. Panambur Port- Karnataka: Panambur Port known as the New Mangalore
Port, is a seaport located near to Surathkal railway station in Dakshina
Kannada district of Karnataka. New Mangalore Port is a deep water all weather port
and the only major port of Karnataka and one of the largest port in India. Port
of Mangalore export major commodities like manganese, granite stones, coffee and cashew and main imports includes timber
logs,LPG,petroleum products and cargo containers. There is a beautiful beach at
south of sea port of Panambur along with the shore of the Arabian Sea.
6. Cochin Port- Kerala: The Cochin port is one of the largest port in India and the
major port on the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean sea route. The port of Cochin
lies on two islands of Willingdon and Vallarpadam and the largest container
transshipment facility in India. Kochi Port is equipped with maritime
facilities Cochin Shipyard,Kochi Refineries and Kochi Marina. Kochi city is
famous for its traditional spices and well known as the port city of Fort Kochi
during the European colonials. It also get its individual Kochi international
airport, third international airport in the state of Kerala.

7. Port Blair- Andaman: Port Blair is the capital city of Andaman
Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India located at the juncture of the Bay of
Bengal and Andaman Sea. Port Blair is the youngest sea port in India and one of
the 12 major port of the country. The only port of Andaman islands are
connected to mainland of India through flight and ship. Port Blair is the
principal hub for shipping in the islands of Andaman and the one of the most
popular tourist destination with several places
of interest around like virgin beaches,scuba
diving and water sports.
 

8. Tuticorin Port- Tamil Nadu: Tuticorin Port is an artificial deep-sea
harbour and one of the 12 major ports of India. It is also the second largest
port in Tamil Nadu first is Chennai Port and one of the largest container
terminal in India. The artificial port of Tuticorin is a all weather port and
who receive a large volume of international traffic. Port of Tuticorin are a
used to be best port for maritime trade and pearl fishery on the bay of Bengal.
The port city is also known as Pearl City and is one of the beautiful sea
gateways of India from Tamil Nadu state
9. Chennai Port: Madras Port is the one of the oldest port of India and the
second largest port in the country. Chennai Port also the largest port in the
Bay of Bengal and a hub port for cars, big containers and cargo traffic in the
east coast of India. Port of the Coromandel Coast handles a variety of cargo
containers,automobiles,coal,fertilizers and petroleum products. Chennai Port
terminals have lighthouses around,Intra port connectivity,Pipelines and railway
terminus.

10. Vizag Port- Andhra
Pradesh:
The port city
Visakhapatnam is located on the southeast coast of India in the state of Andhra
Pradesh. Visakhapatnam or Vizag has one of the India’s largest seaport and the
oldest shipyard of country. The Visakhapatnam harbors is the only Natural
harbors in the bay of Bengal shore. Vizag is second largest city in Andhra,
nestled among the great hills of Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of
Bengal.Krishnapatnam Port is a privately built deep water port in Andhra
Pradesh.

11. Paradip Port- Orissa: The artificial, deep-water port of east coast
of India is located in the Jagatsinghpur district of Orissa state. Port of
Paradip is the major port in the east cost shore and situated at the confluence
of great river Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal. Paradip Port has its own railway
system,cold handling plant and a national highway connects the port with rest
of Indian road networks.

12. Haldia port- West
Bengal:
Haldia port or
Calcutta Port is a major seaport situated near the Hooghly River in the state
of West Bengal. Port of Haldia is one of the major trade center for Calcutta
and receive bulk cargoes of Chemicals, Petrochemicals and oils. Port of Kolkata
is also a base of Indian Coast Guard.

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