Geography-Important Indian Geography Questions with Answers

1. In which country is Barail range located? – India

2. Which State in India has the broadest continental shelf? – Gujarat

3. Which longitudes determines the Indian Standard Time? – 82.5°E

4. Which is the oldest mountain range in India? – Aravali

5. In which district is the highest point of Eastern Ghats located? – Visakhapatnam

6. Among the States of India, which one has the oldest rock formations in the
country? – Karnataka
7. The Himalayas are formed of parallel fold ranges, which is the oldest range?
– the Great Himalayas Range
8. Which country has the longest international boundary with India? – Bangladesh
9. India is the seventh largest country in the world and how much area does it
cover approximately? – 3200000 sq. km
10. How much percent land area of India is covered by plains? – 43.3

11. Which state is with the largest area under waste land? – Jammu and Kashmir

12. Which is the highest peak in Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Saddle Peak

13. At where do the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet? – Nilgiri Hills

14. Which Pairs is the highest peak of India? – Kanchanjungha

15. Which city lies to the western most longitudes? – Jaipur

16. Which is the capital of the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli? – Silvassa

17. Kanchipuram is in which state? – Tamil Nadu

18. ‘Syntaxial Bent’ is a feature of which range? – Himalayas

19. Which city will never get the vertical rays of the Sun? – Srinagar

20. Madhya Pradesh shares its border with how many states? – 5

21. Which region has the oldest rocks? – Aravallis

22. Which river emerges from Amarkantak plateau in Madhya Pradesh? – Narmada

23. Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath and Mussorie lies in which state?
– Uttrakhand
24. The Himalyas are approximately how many kilometer long? – 2500

25. The Himalyas are approximately how many kilometer broad? – 150 to 400

26. How many islands of India are located in the Bay of Bengal? – 204

27. The Himalayas consist of how many main parallel ranges from north to south.
– Three
28. How much percentage land areas of India is covered by mountains? – 10.7

29. Driest areas of India which lie in Rajasthan have howmuch average annual
rainfall? – Less than 1 cm
30. In terms of area, India is which largest country of the world? – Seventh

31. The Karakoram Highway connects which pair of countries? – China-Pakistan

32. What is the approximate length of the coast-line of India? – 6,000 km

33. Among the Union Territories of India, which one has the largest size? – Puducherry

34. The distance between the northern most point in Kashmir and Kanyakumari
covers about how many latitudes? – 300 Latitude

35. Seacoast of which state is the longest? – Gujarat

36. Which range of Himalayas is know for hill stantions ? – Himachal

37. Which is east of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Indonesia

38. What is the difference between IST and GMT? – 5 hours 30 minutes

39. In which island of India is an active volcano found ? – Barren Island

40. Kula, Kufri, Kajjair and Dalhousie are all tourists place of which state? – Himachal Pradesh

41. Which two river meet and form the largest delta in the world? – Ganga-Brahmaputra

42. Which correct sequence of places going from the east to the west of India? – Jorhat, Bhopal, Ahmedabad, Rajkot

43. Which is the wettest place in India? – Mawsynram

44. Which is area with annual rainfall less than 500 cm in a year? – Leh in
Kashmir

45. How much average annual rainfall is experienced in the Rayilsema? – About
below 60 cm

46. Which region has the highest variability of rainfall? – Gujarat

47. Which station has maximum annual range of temperature? – Delhi

48. Which are two coldertmenths in the northern part of India ? – December,
January

49. Which is the State having the highest rainfall by North-East Monsoon? – Tamil Nadu

50. During winter North-western part of India gets rainfall from which side? – Western disturbances

51. Which winds prevail in India during cold weather season ? – North-East Trade
winds

52. Which cause rainfall in the north-western parts of India during Winter
Season? – Western disturbances
53. South west monsoon contributes to India’s total rainfall upto the extent of
how many percentages? – 80-90 percent
54. In Thornthwaite’s scheme of classification of climate, what does ‘E’
indicate in the context of India? – Arid climate

55. Which region does not receive much rainfall in the south-west monsoon
season? – Eastern Himalayas
56. Which state receives rainfall from north-east monsoons? – Tamil Nadu

57. Which is considered to cause an adverse of effect on Indian monsoon? – El-nino

58. Which region does not receives much rainfall in the south-west monsoon
season? – Tamil Nadu coast
59. The annual variability of rainfall is over 50 percent in which state? – Western Rajasthan

60. Daily weather map showing isobars is an example of which map? – Chropleth
map

61. Which place gets the least rainfall? – Jodhpur

62. In certain parts of Khasi and Jaintia hills, annual rainfall is about
howmany c.m.? – 1000 cm
63. Which place receives fainfall less than 20 cms? – Jammu and Kashmir

64. The maximum rainfall area of India, i. e, Meghalaya has average annual
rainfall of howmany c.m.? – 1050 cm
65. Certain regions of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh have
rainy season in which months? – October-December

66. North-East monson causes rainfall in South-Eastern part of peninsular India
during which states? – May-June
67. On the basis of rainfall patterns, India has been divided into how many
number of rainfall regions? – 62
68. Amritsar and Shimla are almost on the same latitude, but why is their
climate difference? – Due to the difference in their altitudes

69. Among regions of India, which one receives comparatively least amount of
annual rainfall? – North-eastern Rajasthan
70. In which season in the frequency of tropical cyclenes in the Bay of Bengal
Maximum? – Retreating mansoon
71. Why most parts of India remains dry during cold weather season? – Due to low
pressure

72. The areas where monthly rainfall during October to December ranges 10 cm to
30 cm fall in which state? – Jammu and Kashmir
73. In which valley is the Himalayan pass Shipki La located? – Sutlej valley

74. Macmohan Line demarcates the boundary between which countries? – India and
China

75. Which latitude passes through India? – Tropic of Cancer

76. Which river does not form any delta at its mouth? – Tapti and Narmada

77. Penganga, Wardha and Wainganga are the tributaries of which river? – Godavari

78. Which lake in India has the highest water salinity? – Sambhar

79. Which region has internal drainage? – Rajasthan

80. On which river is located Indo- Pak Bagalihar Project? – Chenab

81. Which waterfall in India has the most height? – Kunchikal Falls

82. In India, which state has the largest inland saline wetland? – Rajasthan

83. The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on which river? – Chenab

84. The Chilka Lake region lies in between the deltas of which rivers? – Mahanadi and Godavari

85. Whey are some of the rivers of peninsular India non perennial mainly? – Beacause rainfall is seasonal

86. Which lake has been formed due to tectonic activities? – Wular lake

87. The Damodar-Subarnarekha system is an example of which pattern? – Superimposed drainage pattern

88. If you want to visit sambhar lake, to which state you will go? – Rajasthan

89. When the top layer of the soil is removed over a large area by running
water, what is it called? – Sheet erosion
90. Of the gross cropped area in India, the food grains occupy howmany
percentages? – 60 to 70 percent
91. Which crop are grain with the on set of mansoon and are harvested in
September-October? – Kharif
92. Which state leads in the production of maize? – Punjab

93. With which crop has Green Revolution been associated? – Wheat

94. Out of the total irrigated areas, the highest percentage of tank irrigated
area lies in which state? – Bihar
95. Which is the state that is top in the cultivation of flowers? – Tamil Nadu

96. The small and marginal farmers will get irrigation facilities through which
plan? – Ganga Kalyan Yojna
97. In India, what is the main limiting factor for cultivation? – Indequacy of
water supply

98. Which state is the largest producer of black pepper in India? – Kerala

99. Jhum cultivation is a method of cultivation which is used to be practiced in
which state? – Nagaland
100. Which is not an important plantation crop of India? – Grapes
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