GENERAL ENGLISH-SHORT TRICKS FOR SPOTTING ERROR PART THREE

RULES AND EXAMPLES

61. If in a sentence an apposition has been used, the verb will follow not the apposition but the noun or pronoun preceding it.
You, my son, is a good boy. Incorrect
You, my son, are a good boy. Correct

62. Proper, abstract and material nouns have no plural except when they are used as common nouns.
The house is built of bricks. Incorrect
The house is built of brick.
Correct

63.
Clauses in sentences beginning with a relative pronoun (who, which,
that) take a verb according to the noun or pronoun preceding the
relative pronoun.

It is I who has done it. Incorrect
It is I who have done it. Correct

64. The relative pronoun should be near as possible to its antecedent so that no ambiguity arises.
The boy is my cousin who stood first in the mile race.
The boy, who stood first in the mile race, is my cousin.

65. When two singular nouns joined by ‘and’ are preceded by ‘each’ or ‘every’ the pronoun used for them is singular.
Each man and each boy is responsible for their action. Incorrect
Each man and each boy is responsible for his action. Correct

66. Sometimes a pronoun is used w here it is not required at all.
He being an M.A., he is qualified for the post. Incorrect
He, being an M.A., is qualified for the post. Correct

67. If a pronoun comes after a preposition it should be used in the objective case.
Between you and I neither of us is correct. Incorrect
Between you and me neither of us is correct. Correct

68. When a pronoun come after ‘like and unlike’ it takes objective case.
A man like I will not do it. Incorrect
A man like me will not do it. Correct

69. A pronoun takes an objective case after ‘let’.
Let I do it. Incorrect
Let me do it. Correct

70. Pronoun joined by ‘and’ remain in the same case.
He had her brother and sister. Incorrect
He and she are brother and sister. Correct
He and me are friends. Incorrect
He and I are friends. Correct

71. When pronouns of second person and third person are used as subjects, the pronoun following them will be according to the second person pronoun.
You and he must bring his books. Incorrect
You and he must bring your books. Correct

72.
When pronouns of second person and first person are used as subjects,
the pronoun following them will be first person plural form.

You and I must finish your work in time. Incorrect
You and I must finish our work in time. Correct

73.
‘But’ is also used as a relative pronoun. When a sentence has a
negative noun or pronoun, ‘but’ can be used with it. In this case ‘but’
means: who not; that not.

Here was none but laughed to see the joker.
Here the meaning of ‘but laughed’ is ‘who did not laugh’.
There is no bird but flies.
‘But files’ means ‘that does not fly’.

74. The relative pronoun ‘that’ is used in preference to ‘who’ or ‘which’ after adjectives in the superlative degree.
The wisest man who ever lived made mistakes. Incorrect
The wisest man that ever lived made mistakes. Correct
This is the best which we can do. Incorrect
This is the best that we can do. Correct

75.
The relative pronoun ‘that’ is also used in preference to ‘who’ and
‘which’ after the words ‘all’, ‘same’, ‘none’, ‘nothing’ and (the)
‘only’.

He is the same man who he has seen. Incorrect
He is the same man that he has seen. Correct
Man is the only animal who can talk. Incorrect
Man is the only animal that can talk. Correct

76. The same rule applies after the interrogative pronoun ‘who’ and ‘what’.
What is there which I do not know? Incorrect
What is there that I do not know? Correct

77. When there are two antecedents, a man and an animal or two things before the relative pronoun, we should use ‘that’.
The man and his dog which passed through this road were incorrect
killed.
The man and his dog passed through this road were killed. Correct

78. The case of the noun or pronoun preceding or succeeding the verb ‘to be’ should be the same.
It is him who came to see us. Incorrect
It is he who came to see us. Correct
It is me who caught the thief. Incorrect
It is I who caught the thief. Correct

79.
when two qualities of a person or thing compared ‘ more’ or ‘less’ is
used before the adjective and the adjective following them take positive
degree.

Suman is better than brave. Incorrect
Suman is more good than brave. Correct

80.
When two or more adjectives are used to show the qualities of the same
man or thing, al the adjectives must be in the same degree.

Sita is more intelligent and wise than Rita. Incorrect
Sita is more intelligent and wiser than Rita. Correct

81. ‘Very’ is used with adjectives in the positive degree and with present participles.
He is much stronger man. Incorrect
He is a very strong man. Correct
It is a much interesting book. Incorrect
It is very interesting book. Correct

‘Much’ is used with adjectives in the comparative degree and with past participles.
He is very stronger than I am. Incorrect
He is much stronger than I am. Correct
I am very obliged to my friend. Incorrect
I am much obliged to my friend. Correct

82. To show equality ‘as’ is used before and after the adjective.
I can run as fast, if not faster, than you. Incorrect
I can run as fast as, if not faster, than you. Correct

83. Certain adjectives do not admit of comparison and thus they always remain in the ‘positive degree’.
‘Absolute’, ‘annual’, ‘chief’, ‘circular’, ‘complete’, ‘entire’,
‘extreme’, ‘excellent’, ‘full’, ‘impossible’ ‘perfect’, ‘right’,
‘round’, ‘unique’, ‘universal’, ‘whole’, etc.

84.
‘More than one’ indicates a plural sense, but it is treated as a sort
of compound of one. Thus it agrees with a singular noun and takes a
singular verb.

More than one employees were killed in the accident. Incorrect
More than one employees was killed in the accident. Correct

85. A verb must agree with its subject and not with the complement.
Our only guide at night were the stars. Incorrect
Our only guide at night was the stars. Correct

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