BSNL TTA MATCH POINT GENERAL ENGLISH(PREPOSITIONS)

                                                ALL ABOUT PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions=The word which
is used before noun or pronoun relating other
                      word of the sentence, is
called Preposition.
Use
of IN –
1.If any
object in under any thing
Example-
*My mother is
cooking in kitchen.
*I swam in a
river yesterday.
2.Showing of
wearing of any person
Example-
*He was in a
black shirt.
*Ram was in the
golden ring when I saw him.
 NOTE-IF
Wearing is given in sentence then NO USE OF IN.
 Example-
 *she was wearing
in a red saree(wrong)
 *she was wearing a red saree(right).
 *she
was in red saree(right)
3.Medium of conversation/writing.
Example-
*he spoke in English.
*she wrote me in red ink
4.showing the number of time.
Example-
*ram returned in two days.
5.Before-Year/Month/Century/season
Example-
*ram met me in july.
*we got freedom in twentieth century.
6.for permanent  action
Example-
*I am in education.
*my brother is in railways
.
7.when a article use before parts of
day
Example-
*in the night
*in the evening
NOTE-if no article use then AT use with
parts of day.
Example-
*at night
*at noon
8.when a adjective use before means of
transport.
Example-
*in my car
*in a bus
NOTE-if no adjective use then BY use with
means of transport
 Example-
*by car
*by bus
9.when exact address is not given.
Example-
*she lived in asia.
*ram lives in india.
Use of  INTO-
1.when any objet come from outside to
inside with motion.
Example-
*he came into my room.
*she 
jumped into river to save a child.
NOTE-Never use INTO with ENTER.
Example-
*she entered my room.(right)
*she entered into my room.(wrong)
2.when condition of noun or pronoun
change.
Example-
*milk is changed into curd.
*grapes is changed into wine.
3.when sentence translate or transform
Example-
*transform the sentence into passive
voice.
* translate the following sentence into
hindi.
Use of AT
1.for exact time
Example-
*he gets up at 5 am.
2.for exact address
Example-
*she live at malviya nagar delhi.
3.for exact position
Example-
*he is at the first position.
*sita is at the bottom in class.
4.for rate/pace
Example-
*she sold petrol at Rs 70/Ltr.
*he drives his car at 100 kms/hour.
5.for age
Example-
*my father is at fifty.
NOTE-when age come with years old then no
use of AT.
 Example-
*he is five years old(right)
*he is at five years old(wrong)
*he is at five(right).
6.for temporary action/continuous work
Example-
*I am at play now(I am playing now)
*now I am working at TCS  project.
Use of ON
1.When one object touching other
object
Example-
*my books are lying on the table.
2.before Dte and Day
Example-
*he will return on Monday.
*She finished her work on 15
april,2015
3.Before celebration and festival
Example-
*he came on holi.
NOTE-IF invite word use then only TO preposition
use
Example-
*he was invited to my birthday.
*I invited him to my birthday.
4.with Parts of Day+Day/date
Example-
*he returned on the night of Sunday.
*he came to meet me on the evening of
15 Aug,2015.
5.If any object depend on other
object.
Example-
*we live on food and water.
*the writer survives on writing.
6.when a adjective come before
Cycle/scooter/motorcycles.
Example-
*he was arriving on his bicycle.
*she came to school on motorcycle.
7.for riding
Example-
*on a camel.
*on horses back.
8.to show relation /subject
Example-
*this book is on mathematics.
Use of OVER
1.In case of above without touching object.
Example-
*the fan is running over us.
*aero planes fly over the huts.
2.in case of completely cover
Example-
*Spread the sheet over the bed
3.for one side to other site
Example-
*a bridge has built over the bridge.
Use of BY
1.For measurement
Example-
*by the kg
*by the liter
2.to show the means
Example-
*he sent me letter by post.
He returned my money by cheque.
3.before agent/doer in case of passive
voice.
Example-
*ram was taught by me.
*she was given a book by him.
Use of THROUGH
1.For one side to other site(inside)
Example-
*a snake entered my room through a
window.
*two friends were passing through a
forest.
2.to show by means of
Example-
*We knew about his death through
television.
Use of WITH
1.To do work with help of any thing.
Example-
*he went to cinema with his parents.
2.to show the helping means
Example-
*she was cutting vegetables with a
knife.
3.to show the manner of working
Example-
*maharana pratap fought with bravery.
*he solved the problem with
intelligence.
4.to show features/quality
Example-
*I with a bag in my hand was going to
delhi.
NOTE-1.If AGREE/ANGRY+PREP.+PERSON then use
WITH
EXAMPLE-
*I was agree with him.
2. If AGREE/ANGRY+PREP.+THING then use
ON
Example-
*I was angry on this matter.
Use of OF
1.for possession/relation
Example-
*he is a brother of mine.
*I saw a pen of ram.
2.to choose one object from something
Example-
*he is one of the most intelligent
boys.
3.some word always come with OF
preposition
Example-
*proud of,take care of,get rid
of,instead of,cured of,ashamed of,
*full of,aware of,sure of, etc.
Use of BETWEEN
1.for two thing only
Example-
*the war of haldighati was fought
between akbar and pratap.
NOTE-BETWEEN always come with AND,not with
TO
Example-
*ram distributed toys between her and
me(right)
* ram distributed toys between her to  me(worng)
2.to show duration
Example-
*our institution runs between Monday and
Saturday.
3.between to place
Example-alwar is situated between
jaipur and delhi.
4.to show the difference
Example-
*what is difference between cow and
buffaloes.
NOTE-After DISTINGUISH no use BETWEEN
EXAMPLE-
*He distinguish between me and
her(wrong)
*he distinguish me and her(right)
Use of AMONG
1.For more than two thing
Example-
*prize were distributed among the
students.
2.for more than two place
Example-
*Srinagar is situated among many
hills.
Use of FROM
1.for separation/departure
Example-
*she went from delhi to jaipur.
NOTE-FROM always come with TO, not with
AND
2.to show duration
Example-
*the offices open from Monday to Saturday.
3.when one noun completely change in
other noun.
Example-
*wine is made from grapes.
*curd is made from milk.
NOTE-when only shape is changed then use
OF
Example-
*I was in a ring made of gold(right)
*I was in a ring made from gold(wrong)
4.to show the origin/sources
Example-
*apples are brought from kasmir.
Use of TO
1.Too show destination
Example-
*she went to jaipur.
NOTE-no preposition use before HOME,but a
adjective come before preposition then use.
Example-
*I went to his home(right)
*I went to home(worng)
*I went home(right)
2.to transfer any thing
Example-
*I said to him.
3. SAY/PROPOSE/SUGGEST when these word
come with object
Example-
*she suggested tome.
*she said to me.
4.in sense of before time
Example-
*it is ten minutes of two.
*ram is half to eight.
Use of BESIDE and BESIDES
1.BESIDE-nearer to any object
Example-
*she lived beside me.
2.BESIDES-in advance or additional
Example-
*ram plays cricket besides football.
Use of ALONG
1.For one bank to other bank
Example-
*I walks along river.
Use of UP
1.in sense of climbing from down to up
Example-
*I know how to climb up a tree.
Use of UNDER
1.in sense of under without touching
object
Example-
*the cat is sitting under the table.
Use of ACROSS
1.in sense of nearer to a object
Example-
*my friend lives across the road.  
Use of IN SPITE and DESPITE
1.Both have same meaning(cause of) but
use is different
Example-
* in spite of hard work ,he
failed(right)
*despite of hard work,he failed(right)
*in despite of hard work,he
failed(wrong).
NO preposition use with some
verb-
consider,resign,invade,order,request,advise,command,investigate,succeed,
resist,emphasise,accompany,join,affect,attack,discuss,describe,enter,ensure,tell,demand,reason
Example-
*He reached at the
station(wrong)
*he reached the
station (right)
     

Use of ON TIME

1.For fix time
Example-
*exam start on
time.

      

Use of IN TIME

1.Before fix time
Example-
*we reached there
in time.

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